Types of descriptive research design

Because the research design can be very complex, reporting the findings requires a well-organized narrative, clear writing style, and precise word choice.This type of research design draws a conclusion by comparing subjects against a control group, in cases where the researcher has no control over the experiment.

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The independent variable is administered to the experimental group and not to the control group, and both groups are measured on the same dependent variable.Experimental research designs support the ability to limit alternative explanations and to infer direct causal relationships in the study.

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Causal effect (nomothetic perspective) occurs when variation in one phenomenon, an independent variable, leads to or results, on average, in variation in another phenomenon, the dependent variable.It is harder to do than conducting conventional research because the researcher takes on responsibilities of advocating for change as well as for researching the topic.Approach excels at bringing us to an understanding of a complex issue through detailed contextual analysis of a limited number of events or conditions and their relationships.

Finding people, subjects, or phenomena to study that are very similar except in one specific variable can be difficult.Classification of Observation Methods RESEARCH DESIGN is a set of.For example, you cannot deliberately expose people to asbestos, you can only study its effects on those who have already been exposed.RESEARCH DESIGN Qualitative, Quantitative. and Mixed Methods Approaches. qualitative, and mixed methods research.

For example, with longitudinal surveys, the same group of people is interviewed at regular intervals, enabling researchers to track changes over time and to relate them to variables that might explain why the changes occur.Design does not facilitate assessment of cause and effect relationships.Nonetheless, the list below offers a number of useful distinctions between possible research designs.Reliability of data is low because seeing behaviors occur over and over again may be a time consuming task and are difficult to replicate.The four parameters of research will help us understand how descriptive research in general. characteristic of descriptive research-the types of.In an experimental design, the researcher actively tries to change the situation, circumstances, or experience of participants (manipulation), which may lead to a change in behavior or outcomes for the participants of the study.Empirical association -- a valid conclusion is based on finding an association between the independent variable and the dependent variable.Issues get refined for more systematic investigation and formulation of new research questions.

Descriptive/Correlational Research - CliffsNotes

Original authors bring their own perspectives and biases to the interpretation of past events and these biases are more difficult to ascertain in historical resources.It is often used to narrow down a very broad field of research into one or a few easily researchable examples.Conclusions about causal relationships are difficult to determine due to a variety of extraneous and confounding variables that exist in a social environment.Can utilize existing data while at the same time generating and testing a grounded theory approach to describe and explain the phenomenon under study.Without attending to these design issues beforehand, the overall research problem will not be adequately addressed and any conclusions drawn will run the risk of being weak and unconvincing.The case may not be representative or typical of the larger problem being investigated.It is also possible to have an idea about a relation between variables but to lack knowledge of the direction and strength of the relation.Is useful in clarifying what policy or programmatic actions can be justified on the basis of analyzing research results from multiple studies.

Given this, the number of study participants remains constant (or can only decrease).The strengths of one method can be used to overcome the inherent weaknesses of another method.With this in mind, a common mistake made by researchers is that they begin their investigations far too early, before they have thought critically about what information is required to address the research problem.Correlational (e.g., case-control study, observational study ).Historical records can add important contextual background required to more fully understand and interpret a research problem.First, in relational designs, a range of variables are measured.There are limitations in the use of metaphor as a vehicle of philosophical analysis.Summarizing good research practice in line with the DCED Standard.In other cases, theory might not be available before one starts the research.

Quantitative Research Design

Though this kind of research is conducted on a systematic pattern by following logic and exactness yet it normally does not explains the causative factors of a condition.Developmental Research is one common type of descriptive research.The essentials of action research design follow a characteristic cycle whereby initially an exploratory stance is adopted, where an understanding of a problem is developed and plans are made for some form of interventionary strategy.There is very little effort on the part of the researcher when performing this technique.

What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Wikidata item Cite this page.Difficult to account for and interpret variation from one sample to another over time, particularly when using qualitative methods of data collection.Unlike an experimental design, where there is an active intervention by the researcher to produce and measure change or to create differences, cross-sectional designs focus on studying and drawing inferences from existing differences between people, subjects, or phenomena.Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods. 8th ed. An Integrated Approach to Research Design,.

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This design only provides a snapshot of analysis so there is always the possibility that a study could have differing results if another time-frame had been chosen.Finally, in an experimental design the researcher must think of the practical limitations including the availability of participants as well as how representative the participants are to the target population.Narrative and non-textual information can add meaning to numeric data, while numeric data can add precision to narrative and non-textual information.A final type of descriptive research. correlational, and experimental.

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods. Michael S.Descriptive Research. This type of design is often utilized when it is not possible to control the experience, exposure, or influences which.The research process underpinning exploratory studies is flexible but often unstructured, leading to only tentative results that have limited value to decision-makers.

Difference Between Research Methods and Research Design

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Sometimes an individual wants to know something about a group of people.


May generate new knowledge new insights or uncover hidden insights, patterns, or relationships that a single methodological approach might not reveal.